Eugene Delacroix (Ferdinand Victor Eugene Delacroix) (1798 – 1863) – French artist. Delacroix is known as progressive romantic in France. He had a great influence on painting as colorist.
Delacroix improved neoclassical education by attention to Rubens, Michelangelo, Veronese, Venetian School and alter to Constable, Bonnington and English aquarellists.
His first big work was presented in Saloon in 1822 (“The Bark of Dante”, Louver). This painting was bought by government. And to Dealcroix surprisingly was related to movement opposite to David’s neoclassical school. By his temperance and selection of themes Delacroix was romanticist. He also became revealed by dramatic reproduction of mythological scenes and literary, political and religious themes.
He painted “Massacre at Chios” (Louver) in 1824. Constraint of theme as well as colors of “The Death of Sardanapalus” work (1827, Louver) were strongly criticized. He spent some months in England in 1825. There he studied horses and works of local artists. He created “Greece Expiring on the Ruins of Missolonghi” (1827, Bordeaux) as tribute to Byron and independence war in Greece.
He had been lived for 4 months in Morocco in 1832. There he collected material which was enough to paint till the end of life. He made seven thick albums with perfect aquarelle sketches. His continuous fascination with exotics was realized in “Women of Algiers” (1934, Louver) and “The Jewish Wedding” (1839, Louver) works. His “Entrance of the Crusaders into Constantinople” (1841, Louver) work is compelling epic and historical work.
His other sources for creation were lives of literary heroes. He made 17 fantastic and exciting lithographies of “Faust”. He often used Shakespeare heroes (for example, in “Hamlet and Horatio in the Graveyard” work, 1839, Louver). Delacroix was also inspired by rageful scenes of Byron (“Combat of the Giaour and the Pasha”, 1827, Chicago). Great painter created some works on religious themes.
Delacroix self-portrait (1835-1837, Louver) shows sophisticated and dynamic person. He wrote many of his contemporaries, for example, Paganini (1832, Washington). Delacroix also made Chopin’s portrait (1838, Louver). In his “Tiger Attacking a Horse” (1825 – 1828, Louver) and “The Lion Hunt” (1861, institute of Arts, Chicago) he showed animals in motion. During last three decades he made many public orders. Delacroix realized his morality and genius during working in Bourbon’s Palace (1833-1847, Paris) and Luxemburg palace (1841 – 1846). Most works of Delacroix are performed in Louver.